Description:

Milan is the second-most populous city in Italy. The city's land is flat, the highest point being at 122 m above sea level. During winter, daily average temperatures can fall below freezing and accumulations of snow can occur. The city is often shrouded in heavy fog. In summer, humidity levels are high and peak temperatures can reach temperatures above 35 °C.

Milan started planning for cycling in order to reduce the air pollution. The first area for the city to focus on in regards to hardware is completing the network. Building the cycling routes has to take into consideration the origin and destination of the users and provide the most direct routes. Prioritizing cycling in the intersections can also eliminate the risks of accidents and increase the sense of safety. Cycling to work and to school programs can be a good option in addition to mobility advice and awareness campaigns to the public. The aim should be for citizens to perceive the impact of cycling on the quality of life in the city.

Modal split of cycling: 4%
Average length of trips made within the city: less than 2.5km

Hardware:
The city of Milan first started the development of cycling paths with painted lanes, but the most recent developments feature segragated paths. The existing 140km of cycling paths don’t make a comprehensive network and don’t cover the whole city. There is 20km2 of car-free areas in the city. Bicycle racks are available in some areas of the city but the number of the available racks is not sufficient. The city features a bike sharing system of 4,650 bikes.
Software:
The city’s master-plan includes cycling and there is a stand-alone plan for cycling. There is a publicly available map for cyclists, but no available mobility advice in regards to cycling. The city also hosts frequent cycling events and provides cycling education for children in schools.
Orgware:
The municipality is responsible for developing the cycling plans. The Police department cooperate in regards to recording the traffic accidents involving cyclists and providing cycling education in schools. There are some cycling grassroot organizations active in the city but they don’t have much influence on the mobility decisions regarding cycling.